Why Use the Waterway
The economic benefits of using the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway for the transportation of raw materials, bulk products, and finished products include
- lower costs,
- an expanded market,
- safer transport of goods,
- energy efficiency,
- and environmental compatibility.
The Tenn-Tom Waterway
- Has been designated a national marine highway (M-65)
- Links to 4,500 miles of navigable waterways serving mid-America
- Strategically located to serve 23 states throughout the South and Midwest U.S. (View maps)
- Ships as much as 1.2 billion ton-miles of commerce each year
- Provides an annual savings of $100 million in transportation costs for those companies
- Has a maximum tow size of 8 barges (in a single lockage)
- Has a network of highways and railways along the waterway route
- Has extensive deposits of natural gas
- Is served by major electrical utilities including Tennessee Valley Authority
- Has over 17 public ports and terminals
- Provides access to an ample labor market
- Provides a link between foreign and domestic ports, through deep water ports on the Gulf of Mexico
- Has available waterfront industrial sites
- For shipping large volumes of raw materials and bulk type products long distances
- To transport heavy machinery, equipment and other kinds of oversized, finished products
- To return empty barges to inland destinations for those carriers operating between the Midwest and the lower Mississippi River region
Slack water conditions of the Tenn-Tom mean that barges can use a smaller horsepower towboat which reduces fuel costs and shipping costs. Returning empty barges via the Tenn-Tom Waterway instead of the Mississippi River means barges don’t have to fight the swift currents and can use a smaller horsepower towboat. Compare different shipping methods.
Access to Deep Water Ports
The Tennessee-Tombigbee is strategically positioned to serve increased trade with Latin America and other foreign markets. About 2 million tons of commerce are now exported each year on the Tenn-Tom. These shipments are expected to dramatically increase once the new, $300-million container port in Mobile is completed in early 2008.
Port facilities throughout the waterway corridor offer a wide range of intermodal services to companies involved in international trade. Deep-water ports along the Gulf can also be reached by the Tenn-Tom.
New and Well-established Ports and Terminals with Trucking Services and Rail Access
- Over 17 locations with ports and terminals
- Modern rail and trucking services are available at many ports and terminals
Access to Waterway Industrial Sites
One distinct advantage the Tenn-Tom Waterway corridor has over other regions is the availability of over 40,000 acres of prime waterfront property with affordable development costs and minimal environmental restrictions. Some 40 sites, conveniently located throughout a 54-county, 4-state region, are ready for business. Visit the Economic Development page for locations and detailed information about each of these sites.
Over 5 billion of new and expanded industrial development have located in the waterway region since its completion. These companies include Boeing, Weyerhaeuser, Kerr McGee, Nucor, IPSCO Steel, and newer, lesser known corporations like SeverCorr Steel and Allant.
Expands the Markets for the Region’s Natural Resources, Commodities, and Products
- Lower cost to transport via barge allows for greater market access
- Biggest impact on those products and commodities of low value
- Much greater miles per gallon than truck or rail transportation (Compare different shipping methods.)
- Reduced emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrous oxide compared to rail and truck transportation. (Compare different shipping methods.)
Safe, Reliable Transportation
- Deaths and injuries are 10 times more probable for land modes than water transportation. (Compare different shipping methods.)
- The TTW is a direct and reliable route, virtually unaffected by adverse weather conditions or drought
The Tenn-Tom saved companies millions in 1988 when a summer drought closed the Mississippi River to barge traffic. Unaffected by low water conditions, the waterway proved to be a viable alternative route to the Mississippi and kept plants in the Ohio Valley and Midwestern States supplied with essential raw materials needed for continued operation for nearly two months until the Mississippi River became navigable again.
Additional Benefits of the Tenn-Tom Waterway
Role in National Security and Defense
The Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway provides a safe route for transporting Delta lV rockets built by the Boeing Corporation at its plant near Decatur, AL, to launch sites in California or Florida. The waterway serves a crucial role in the security and defense of the United States by safely transporting these rockets for the U.S. Air Force and for other strategic uses. The waterway has also helped facilitate other deployment operations by the military, such as those by the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, KY.
Reduced Rail and Truck Transportation Costs
Rail costs for some shippers decreased by as much as 15 to 25 percent when the Tenn-Tom first opened. The availability of an alternative mode continues to help keep rail and truck shipping costs in check. More recent studies conclude that manufacturers and producers that have access to more than one mode of transportation enjoy similar cost savings.
Municipal and Industrial Water Supply
The Waterway offers supplemental water supplies for municipal and industrial uses provided the withdrawal doesn’t negatively affect navigation or other congressionally authorized uses of the federal project.
- 45 million gallons of water per day are authorized to be withdrawn
- Current withdrawals provide water for a $750-million paper mill and supplement supplies for Lee County